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CUDA Device Management

For multi-GPU machines, users may want to select which GPU to use. By default the CUDA driver selects the fastest GPU as the device 0, which is the default device used by Numba.

The features introduced on this page are generally not of interest unless working with systems hosting/offering more than one CUDA-capable GPU.

Device Selection

Device selection must be done before any CUDA feature is used.

from numba import cuda

Creates a new CUDA context with the selected device. The context is associated with the current thread. NumbaPro currently allows only one context per thread.

Returns a device instance

Raises exception on error.

The device can be closed by:


Explicitly closes the context.

Destroy the current context of the current thread

Users can then create a new context with another device.

cuda.select_device(1)  # assuming we have 2 GPUs


Compiled functions are associated with the CUDA context. This makes it not very useful to close and create new devices, though it is certainly useful for choosing which device to use when the machine has multiple GPUs.