Compilation of a function in a separate step before running the
program code, producing an on-disk binary object which can be distributed
independently. This is the traditional kind of compilation known
in languages such as C, C++ or Fortran.
bytecode Python bytecode
The original form in which Python functions are executed. Python
bytecode describes a stack-machine executing abstract (untyped)
operations using operands from both the function stack and the
execution environment (e.g. global variables).
An expression whose value Numba can infer and freeze at compile-time.
Global variables and closure variables are compile-time constants.
A feature of compilation in object mode where a loop can be
automatically extracted and compiled in nopython mode. This
allows functions with operations unsupported in nopython mode to see
significant performance improvements if they contain loops with only
The act of translating Numba IR into LLVM IR. The term
“lowering” stems from the fact that LLVM IR is low-level and
machine-specific while Numba IR is high-level and abstract.
A Numba compilation mode that generates code that does not access the
Python C API. This compilation mode produces the highest performance
code, but requires that the native types of all values in the function
can be inferred. Unless otherwise instructed,
the @jit decorator will automatically fall back to object
mode if nopython mode cannot be used.
Numba IR Numba intermediate representation
A representation of a piece of Python code which is more amenable
to analysis and transformations than the original Python
A Numba compilation mode that generates code that handles all values
as Python objects and uses the Python C API to perform all operations
on those objects. Code compiled in object mode will often run
no faster than Python interpreted code, unless the Numba compiler can
take advantage of loop-jitting.
The process by which Numba determines the specialized types of all
values within a function being compiled. Type inference can fail
if arguments or globals have Python types unknown to Numba, or if
functions are used that are not recognized by Numba. Sucessful
type inference is a prerequisite for compilation in