10. Release Notes

10.1. Version 0.30.0

This release adds preliminary support for Python 3.6, but no official build is available yet. A new system reporting tool (numba --sysinfo) is added to provide system information to help core developers in replication and debugging. See below for other improvements and bug fixes.


  • PR #2209: Support Python 3.6.
  • PR #2175: Support np.trace(), np.outer() and np.kron().
  • PR #2197: Support np.nanprod().
  • PR #2190: Support caching for ufunc.
  • PR #2186: Add system reporting tool.


  • PR #2214, Issue #2212: Fix memory error with ndenumerate and flat iterators.
  • PR #2206, Issue #2163: Fix zip() consuming extra elements in early exhaustion.
  • PR #2185, Issue #2159, #2169: Fix rewrite pass affecting objmode fallback.
  • PR #2204, Issue #2178: Fix annotation for liftedloop.
  • PR #2203: Fix Appveyor segfault with Python 3.5.
  • PR #2202, Issue #2198: Fix target context not initialized when loading from ufunc cache.
  • PR #2172, Issue #2171: Fix optional type unpacking.
  • PR #2189, Issue #2188: Disable freezing of big (>1MB) global arrays.
  • PR #2180, Issue #2179: Fix invalid variable version in looplifting.
  • PR #2156, Issue #2155: Fix divmod, floordiv segfault on CUDA.

10.2. Version 0.29.0

This release extends the support of recursive functions to include direct and indirect recursion without explicit function type annotations. See new example in examples/mergesort.py. Newly supported numpy features include array stacking functions, np.linalg.eig* functions, np.linalg.matrix_power, np.roots and array to array broadcasting in assignments.

This release depends on llvmlite 0.14.0 and supports CUDA 8 but it is not required.


  • PR #2130, #2137: Add type-inferred recursion with docs and examples.
  • PR #2134: Add np.linalg.matrix_power.
  • PR #2125: Add np.roots.
  • PR #2129: Add np.linalg.{eigvals,eigh,eigvalsh}.
  • PR #2126: Add array-to-array broadcasting.
  • PR #2069: Add hstack and related functions.
  • PR #2128: Allow for vectorizing a jitted function. (thanks to @dhirschfeld)
  • PR #2117: Update examples and make them test-able.
  • PR #2127: Refactor interpreter class and its results.


  • PR #2149: Workaround MSVC9.0 SP1 fmod bug kb982107.
  • PR #2145, Issue #2009: Fixes kwargs for jitclass __init__ method.
  • PR #2150: Fix slowdown in objmode fallback.
  • PR #2050, Issue #1259: Fix liveness problem with some generator loops.
  • PR #2072, Issue #1995: Right shift of unsigned LHS should be logical.
  • PR #2115, Issue #1466: Fix inspect_types() error due to mangled variable name.
  • PR #2119, Issue #2118: Fix array type created from record-dtype.
  • PR #2122, Issue #1808: Fix returning a generator due to datamodel error.

10.3. Version 0.28.1

This is a bug-fix release to resolve packaging issues with setuptools dependency.

10.4. Version 0.28.0

Amongst other improvements, this version improves again the level of support for linear algebra – functions from the numpy.linalg module. Also, our random generator is now guaranteed to be thread-safe and fork-safe.


  • PR #2019: Add the @intrinsic decorator to define low-level subroutines callable from JIT functions (this is considered a private API for now).
  • PR #2059: Implement np.concatenate and np.stack.
  • PR #2048: Make random generation fork-safe and thread-safe, producing independent streams of random numbers for each thread or process.
  • PR #2031: Add documentation of floating-point pitfalls.
  • Issue #2053: Avoid polling in parallel CPU target (fixes severe performance regression on Windows).
  • Issue #2029: Make default arguments fast.
  • PR #2052: Add logging to the CUDA driver.
  • PR #2049: Implement the built-in divmod() function.
  • PR #2036: Implement the argsort() method on arrays.
  • PR #2046: Improving CUDA memory management by deferring deallocations until certain thresholds are reached, so as to avoid breaking asynchronous execution.
  • PR #2040: Switch the CUDA driver implementation to use CUDA’s “primary context” API.
  • PR #2017: Allow min(tuple) and max(tuple).
  • PR #2039: Reduce fork() detection overhead in CUDA.
  • PR #2021: Handle structured dtypes with titles.
  • PR #1996: Rewrite looplifting as a transformation on Numba IR.
  • PR #2014: Implement np.linalg.matrix_rank.
  • PR #2012: Implement np.linalg.cond.
  • PR #1985: Rewrite even trivial array expressions, which opens the door for other optimizations (for example, array ** 2 can be converted into array * array).
  • PR #1950: Have typeof() always raise ValueError on failure. Previously, it would either raise or return None, depending on the input.
  • PR #1994: Implement np.linalg.norm.
  • PR #1987: Implement np.linalg.det and np.linalg.slogdet.
  • Issue #1979: Document integer width inference and how to workaround.
  • PR #1938: Numba is now compatible with LLVM 3.8.
  • PR #1967: Restrict np.linalg functions to homogenous dtypes. Users wanting to pass mixed-typed inputs have to convert explicitly, which makes the performance implications more obvious.


  • PR #2006: array(float32) ** int should return array(float32).
  • PR #2044: Allow reshaping empty arrays.
  • Issue #2051: Fix refcounting issue when concatenating tuples.
  • Issue #2000: Make Numpy optional for setup.py, to allow pip install to work without Numpy pre-installed.
  • PR #1989: Fix assertion in Dispatcher.disable_compile().
  • Issue #2028: Ignore filesystem errors when caching from multiple processes.
  • Issue #2003: Allow unicode variable and function names (on Python 3).
  • Issue #1998: Fix deadlock in parallel ufuncs that reacquire the GIL.
  • PR #1997: Fix random crashes when AOT compiling on certain Windows platforms.
  • Issue #1988: Propagate jitclass docstring.
  • Issue #1933: Ensure array constants are emitted with the right alignment.

10.5. Version 0.27.0


  • Issue #1976: improve error message when non-integral dimensions are given to a CUDA kernel.
  • PR #1970: Optimize the power operator with a static exponent.
  • PR #1710: Improve contextual information for compiler errors.
  • PR #1961: Support printing constant strings.
  • PR #1959: Support more types in the print() function.
  • PR #1823: Support compute_50 in CUDA backend.
  • PR #1955: Support np.linalg.pinv.
  • PR #1896: Improve the SmartArray API.
  • PR #1947: Support np.linalg.solve.
  • Issue #1943: Improve error message when an argument fails typing.4
  • PR #1927: Support np.linalg.lstsq.
  • PR #1934: Use system functions for hypot() where possible, instead of our own implementation.
  • PR #1929: Add cffi support to @cfunc objects.
  • PR #1932: Add user-controllable thread pool limits for parallel CPU target.
  • PR #1928: Support self-recursion when the signature is explicit.
  • PR #1890: List all lowering implementations in the developer docs.
  • Issue #1884: Support np.lib.stride_tricks.as_strided().


  • Issue #1960: Fix sliced assignment when source and destination areas are overlapping.
  • PR #1963: Make CUDA print() atomic.
  • PR #1956: Allow 0d array constants.
  • Issue #1945: Allow using Numpy ufuncs in AOT compiled code.
  • Issue #1916: Fix documentation example for @generated_jit.
  • Issue #1926: Fix regression when caching functions in an IPython session.
  • Issue #1923: Allow non-intp integer arguments to carray() and farray().
  • Issue #1908: Accept non-ASCII unicode docstrings on Python 2.
  • Issue #1874: Allow del container[key] in object mode.
  • Issue #1913: Fix set insertion bug when the lookup chain contains deleted entries.
  • Issue #1911: Allow function annotations on jitclass methods.

10.6. Version 0.26.0

This release adds support for cfunc decorator for exporting numba jitted functions to 3rd party API that takes C callbacks. Most of the overhead of using jitclasses inside the interpreter are eliminated. Support for decompositions in numpy.linalg are added. Finally, Numpy 1.11 is supported.


  • PR #1889: Export BLAS and LAPACK wrappers for pycc.
  • PR #1888: Faster array power.
  • Issue #1867: Allow “out” keyword arg for dufuncs.
  • PR #1871: carray() and farray() for creating arrays from pointers.
  • PR #1855: @cfunc decorator for exporting as ctypes function.
  • PR #1862: Add support for numpy.linalg.qr.
  • PR #1851: jitclass support for ‘_’ and ‘__’ prefixed attributes.
  • PR #1842: Optimize jitclass in Python interpreter.
  • Issue #1837: Fix CUDA simulator issues with device function.
  • PR #1839: Add support for decompositions from numpy.linalg.
  • PR #1829: Support Python enums.
  • PR #1828: Add support for numpy.random.rand()` and numpy.random.randn()
  • Issue #1825: Use of 0-darray in place of scalar index.
  • Issue #1824: Scalar arguments to object mode gufuncs.
  • Issue #1813: Let bitwise bool operators return booleans, not integers.
  • Issue #1760: Optional arguments in generators.
  • PR #1780: Numpy 1.11 support.

10.7. Version 0.25.0

This release adds support for set objects in nopython mode. It also adds support for many missing Numpy features and functions. It improves Numba’s compatibility and performance when using a distributed execution framework such as dask, distributed or Spark. Finally, it removes compatibility with Python 2.6, Python 3.3 and Numpy 1.6.


  • Issue #1800: Add erf(), erfc(), gamma() and lgamma() to CUDA targets.
  • PR #1793: Implement more Numpy functions: np.bincount(), np.diff(), np.digitize(), np.histogram(), np.searchsorted() as well as NaN-aware reduction functions (np.nansum(), np.nanmedian(), etc.)
  • PR #1789: Optimize some reduction functions such as np.sum(), np.prod(), np.median(), etc.
  • PR #1752: Make CUDA features work in dask, distributed and Spark.
  • PR #1787: Support np.nditer() for fast multi-array indexing with broadcasting.
  • PR #1799: Report JIT-compiled functions as regular Python functions when profiling (allowing to see the filename and line number where a function is defined).
  • PR #1782: Support np.any() and np.all().
  • Issue #1788: Support the iter() and next() built-in functions.
  • PR #1778: Support array.astype().
  • Issue #1775: Allow the user to set the target CPU model for AOT compilation.
  • PR #1758: Support creating random arrays using the size parameter to the np.random APIs.
  • PR #1757: Support len() on array.flat objects.
  • PR #1749: Remove Numpy 1.6 compatibility.
  • PR #1748: Remove Python 2.6 and 3.3 compatibility.
  • PR #1735: Support the not in operator as well as operator.contains().
  • PR #1724: Support homogenous sets in nopython mode.
  • Issue #875: make compilation of array constants faster.


  • PR #1795: Fix a massive performance issue when calling Numba functions with distributed, Spark or a similar mechanism using serialization.
  • Issue #1784: Make jitclasses usable with NUMBA_DISABLE_JIT=1.
  • Issue #1786: Allow using linear algebra functions when profiling.
  • Issue #1796: Fix np.dot() memory leak on non-contiguous inputs.
  • PR #1792: Fix static negative indexing of tuples.
  • Issue #1771: Use fallback cache directory when __pycache__ isn’t writable, such as when user code is installed in a system location.
  • Issue #1223: Use Numpy error model in array expressions (e.g. division by zero returns inf or nan instead of raising an error).
  • Issue #1640: Fix np.random.binomial() for large n values.
  • Issue #1643: Improve error reporting when passing an invalid spec to @jitclass.
  • PR #1756: Fix slicing with a negative step and an omitted start.

10.8. Version 0.24.0

This release introduces several major changes, including the @generated_jit decorator for flexible specializations as with Julia’s “@generated” macro, or the SmartArray array wrapper type that allows seamless transfer of array data between the CPU and the GPU.

This will be the last version to support Python 2.6, Python 3.3 and Numpy 1.6.


  • PR #1723: Improve compatibility of JIT functions with the Python profiler.
  • PR #1509: Support array.ravel() and array.flatten().
  • PR #1676: Add SmartArray type to support transparent data management in multiple address spaces (host & GPU).
  • PR #1689: Reduce startup overhead of importing Numba.
  • PR #1705: Support registration of CFFI types as corresponding to known Numba types.
  • PR #1686: Document the extension API.
  • PR #1698: Improve warnings raised during type inference.
  • PR #1697: Support np.dot() and friends on non-contiguous arrays.
  • PR #1692: cffi.from_buffer() improvements (allow more pointer types, allow non-Numpy buffer objects).
  • PR #1648: Add the @generated_jit decorator.
  • PR #1651: Implementation of np.linalg.inv using LAPACK. Thanks to Matthieu Dartiailh.
  • PR #1674: Support np.diag().
  • PR #1673: Improve error message when looking up an attribute on an unknown global.
  • Issue #1569: Implement runtime check for the LLVM locale bug.
  • PR #1612: Switch to LLVM 3.7 in sync with llvmlite.
  • PR #1624: Allow slice assignment of sequence to array.
  • PR #1622: Support slicing tuples with a constant slice.


  • Issue #1722: Fix returning an optional boolean (bool or None).
  • Issue #1734: NRT decref bug when variable is del’ed before being defined, leading to a possible memory leak.
  • PR #1732: Fix tuple getitem regression for CUDA target.
  • PR #1718: Mishandling of optional to optional casting.
  • PR #1714: Fix .compile() on a JIT function not respecting ._can_compile.
  • Issue #1667: Fix np.angle() on arrays.
  • Issue #1690: Fix slicing with an omitted stop and a negative step value.
  • PR #1693: Fix gufunc bug in handling scalar formal arg with non-scalar input value.
  • PR #1683: Fix parallel testing under Windows.
  • Issue #1616: Use system-provided versions of C99 math where possible.
  • Issue #1652: Reductions of bool arrays (e.g. sum() or mean()) should return integers or floats, not bools.
  • Issue #1664: Fix regression when indexing a record array with a constant index.
  • PR #1661: Disable AVX on old Linux kernels.
  • Issue #1636: Allow raising an exception looked up on a module.

10.9. Version 0.23.1

This is a bug-fix release to address several regressions introduced in the 0.23.0 release, and a couple other issues.


  • Issue #1645: CUDA ufuncs were broken in 0.23.0.
  • Issue #1638: Check tuple sizes when passing a list of tuples.
  • Issue #1630: Parallel ufunc would keep eating CPU even after finishing under Windows.
  • Issue #1628: Fix ctypes and cffi tests under Windows with Python 3.5.
  • Issue #1627: Fix xrange() support.
  • PR #1611: Rewrite variable liveness analysis.
  • Issue #1610: Allow nested calls between explicitly-typed ufuncs.
  • Issue #1593: Fix *args in object mode.

10.10. Version 0.23.0

This release introduces JIT classes using the new @jitclass decorator, allowing user-defined structures for nopython mode. Other improvements and bug fixes are listed below.


  • PR #1609: Speed up some simple math functions by inlining them in their caller
  • PR #1571: Implement JIT classes
  • PR #1584: Improve typing of array indexing
  • PR #1583: Allow printing booleans
  • PR #1542: Allow negative values in np.reshape()
  • PR #1560: Support vector and matrix dot product, including np.dot() and the @ operator in Python 3.5
  • PR #1546: Support field lookup on record arrays and scalars (i.e. array['field'] in addition to array.field)
  • PR #1440: Support the HSA wavebarrier() and activelanepermute_wavewidth() intrinsics
  • PR #1540: Support np.angle()
  • PR #1543: Implement CPU multithreaded gufuncs (target=”parallel”)
  • PR #1551: Allow scalar arguments in np.where(), np.empty_like().
  • PR #1516: Add some more examples from NumbaPro
  • PR #1517: Support np.sinc()


  • Issue #1603: Fix calling a non-cached function from a cached function
  • Issue #1594: Ensure a list is homogenous when unboxing
  • Issue #1595: Replace deprecated use of get_pointer_to_function()
  • Issue #1586: Allow tests to be run by different users on the same machine
  • Issue #1587: Make CudaAPIError picklable
  • Issue #1568: Fix using Numba from inside Visual Studio 2015
  • Issue #1559: Fix serializing a jit function referring a renamed module
  • PR #1508: Let reshape() accept integer argument(s), not just a tuple
  • Issue #1545: Improve error checking when unboxing list objects
  • Issue #1538: Fix array broadcasting in CUDA gufuncs
  • Issue #1526: Fix a reference count handling bug

10.11. Version 0.22.1

This is a bug-fix release to resolve some packaging issues and other problems found in the 0.22.0 release.


  • PR #1515: Include MANIFEST.in in MANIFEST.in so that sdist still works from source tar files.
  • PR #1518: Fix reference counting bug caused by hidden alias
  • PR #1519: Fix erroneous assert when passing nopython=True to guvectorize.
  • PR #1521: Fix cuda.test()

10.12. Version 0.22.0

This release features several highlights: Python 3.5 support, Numpy 1.10 support, Ahead-of-Time compilation of extension modules, additional vectorization features that were previously only available with the proprietary extension NumbaPro, improvements in array indexing.


  • PR #1497: Allow scalar input type instead of size-1 array to @guvectorize
  • PR #1480: Add distutils support for AOT compilation
  • PR #1460: Create a new API for Ahead-of-Time (AOT) compilation
  • PR #1451: Allow passing Python lists to JIT-compiled functions, and reflect mutations on function return
  • PR #1387: Numpy 1.10 support
  • PR #1464: Support cffi.FFI.from_buffer()
  • PR #1437: Propagate errors raised from Numba-compiled ufuncs; also, let “division by zero” and other math errors produce a warning instead of exiting the function early
  • PR #1445: Support a subset of fancy indexing
  • PR #1454: Support “out-of-line” CFFI modules
  • PR #1442: Improve array indexing to support more kinds of basic slicing
  • PR #1409: Support explicit CUDA memory fences
  • PR #1435: Add support for vectorize() and guvectorize() with HSA
  • PR #1432: Implement numpy.nonzero() and numpy.where()
  • PR #1416: Add support for vectorize() and guvectorize() with CUDA, as originally provided in NumbaPro
  • PR #1424: Support in-place array operators
  • PR #1414: Python 3.5 support
  • PR #1404: Add the parallel ufunc functionality originally provided in NumbaPro
  • PR #1393: Implement sorting on arrays and lists
  • PR #1415: Add functions to estimate the occupancy of a CUDA kernel
  • PR #1360: The JIT cache now stores the compiled object code, yielding even larger speedups.
  • PR #1402: Fixes for the ARMv7 (armv7l) architecture under Linux
  • PR #1400: Add the cuda.reduce() decorator originally provided in NumbaPro


  • PR #1483: Allow np.empty_like() and friends on non-contiguous arrays
  • Issue #1471: Allow caching JIT functions defined in IPython
  • PR #1457: Fix flat indexing of boolean arrays
  • PR #1421: Allow calling Numpy ufuncs, without an explicit output, on non-contiguous arrays
  • Issue #1411: Fix crash when unpacking a tuple containing a Numba-allocated array
  • Issue #1394: Allow unifying range_state32 and range_state64
  • Issue #1373: Fix code generation error on lists of bools

10.13. Version 0.21.0

This release introduces support for AMD’s Heterogeneous System Architecture, which allows memory to be shared directly between the CPU and the GPU. Other major enhancements are support for lists and the introduction of an opt-in compilation cache.


  • PR #1391: Implement print() for CUDA code
  • PR #1366: Implement integer typing enhancement proposal (NBEP 1)
  • PR #1380: Support the one-argument type() builtin
  • PR #1375: Allow boolean evaluation of lists and tuples
  • PR #1371: Support array.view() in CUDA mode
  • PR #1369: Support named tuples in nopython mode
  • PR #1250: Implement numpy.median().
  • PR #1289: Make dispatching faster when calling a JIT-compiled function from regular Python
  • Issue #1226: Improve performance of integer power
  • PR #1321: Document features supported with CUDA
  • PR #1345: HSA support
  • PR #1343: Support lists in nopython mode
  • PR #1356: Make Numba-allocated memory visible to tracemalloc
  • PR #1363: Add an environment variable NUMBA_DEBUG_TYPEINFER
  • PR #1051: Add an opt-in, per-function compilation cache


  • Issue #1372: Some array expressions would fail rewriting when involved the same variable more than once, or a unary operator
  • Issue #1385: Allow CUDA local arrays to be declared anywhere in a function
  • Issue #1285: Support datetime64 and timedelta64 in Numpy reduction functions
  • Issue #1332: Handle the EXTENDED_ARG opcode.
  • PR #1329: Handle the in operator in object mode
  • Issue #1322: Fix augmented slice assignment on Python 2
  • PR #1357: Fix slicing with some negative bounds or step values.

10.14. Version 0.20.0

This release updates Numba to use LLVM 3.6 and CUDA 7 for CUDA support. Following the platform deprecation in CUDA 7, Numba’s CUDA feature is no longer supported on 32-bit platforms. The oldest supported version of Windows is Windows 7.


  • Issue #1203: Support indexing ndarray.flat
  • PR #1200: Migrate cgutils to llvmlite
  • PR #1190: Support more array methods: .transpose(), .T, .copy(), .reshape(), .view()
  • PR #1214: Simplify setup.py and avoid manual maintenance
  • PR #1217: Support datetime64 and timedelta64 constants
  • PR #1236: Reload environment variables when compiling
  • PR #1225: Various speed improvements in generated code
  • PR #1252: Support cmath module in CUDA
  • PR #1238: Use 32-byte aligned allocator to optimize for AVX
  • PR #1258: Support numpy.frombuffer()
  • PR #1274: Use TravisCI container infrastructure for lower wait time
  • PR #1279: Micro-optimize overload resolution in call dispatch
  • Issue #1248: Improve error message when return type unification fails


  • Issue #1131: Handling of negative zeros in np.conjugate() and np.arccos()
  • Issue #1188: Fix slow array return
  • Issue #1164: Avoid warnings from CUDA context at shutdown
  • Issue #1229: Respect the writeable flag in arrays
  • Issue #1244: Fix bug in refcount pruning pass
  • Issue #1251: Fix partial left-indexing of Fortran contiguous array
  • Issue #1264: Fix compilation error in array expression
  • Issue #1254: Fix error when yielding array objects
  • Issue #1276: Fix nested generator use

10.15. Version 0.19.2

This release fixes the source distribution on pypi. The only change is in the setup.py file. We do not plan to provide a conda package as this release is essentially the same as 0.19.1 for conda users.

10.16. Version 0.19.1

  • Issue #1196:
    • fix double-free segfault due to redundant variable deletion in the Numba IR (#1195)
    • fix use-after-delete in array expression rewrite pass

10.17. Version 0.19.0

This version introduces memory management in the Numba runtime, allowing to allocate new arrays inside Numba-compiled functions. There is also a rework of the ufunc infrastructure, and an optimization pass to collapse cascading array operations into a single efficient loop.


Support for Windows XP and Vista with all compiler targets and support for 32-bit platforms (Win/Mac/Linux) with the CUDA compiler target are deprecated. In the next release of Numba, the oldest version of Windows supported will be Windows 7. CPU compilation will remain supported on 32-bit Linux and Windows platforms.

Known issues:

  • There are some performance regressions in very short running nopython functions due to the additional overhead incurred by memory management. We will work to reduce this overhead in future releases.


  • Issue #1181: Add a Frequently Asked Questions section to the documentation.
  • Issue #1162: Support the cumsum() and cumprod() methods on Numpy arrays.
  • Issue #1152: Support the *args argument-passing style.
  • Issue #1147: Allow passing character sequences as arguments to JIT-compiled functions.
  • Issue #1110: Shortcut deforestation and loop fusion for array expressions.
  • Issue #1136: Support various Numpy array constructors, for example numpy.zeros() and numpy.zeros_like().
  • Issue #1127: Add a CUDA simulator running on the CPU, enabled with the NUMBA_ENABLE_CUDASIM environment variable.
  • Issue #1086: Allow calling standard Numpy ufuncs without an explicit output array from nopython functions.
  • Issue #1113: Support keyword arguments when calling numpy.empty() and related functions.
  • Issue #1108: Support the ctypes.data attribute of Numpy arrays.
  • Issue #1077: Memory management for array allocations in nopython mode.
  • Issue #1105: Support calling a ctypes function that takes ctypes.py_object parameters.
  • Issue #1084: Environment variable NUMBA_DISABLE_JIT disables compilation of @jit functions, instead calling into the Python interpreter when called. This allows easier debugging of multiple jitted functions.
  • Issue #927: Allow gufuncs with no output array.
  • Issue #1097: Support comparisons between tuples.
  • Issue #1075: Numba-generated ufuncs can now be called from nopython functions.
  • Issue #1062: @vectorize now allows omitting the signatures, and will compile the required specializations on the fly (like @jit does).
  • Issue #1027: Support numpy.round().
  • Issue #1085: Allow returning a character sequence (as fetched from a structured array) from a JIT-compiled function.


  • Issue #1170: Ensure ndindex(), ndenumerate() and ndarray.flat work properly inside generators.
  • Issue #1151: Disallow unpacking of tuples with the wrong size.
  • Issue #1141: Specify install dependencies in setup.py.
  • Issue #1106: Loop-lifting would fail when the lifted loop does not produce any output values for the function tail.
  • Issue #1103: Fix mishandling of some inputs when a JIT-compiled function is called with multiple array layouts.
  • Issue #1089: Fix range() with large unsigned integers.
  • Issue #1088: Install entry-point scripts (numba, pycc) from the conda build recipe.
  • Issue #1081: Constant structured scalars now work properly.
  • Issue #1080: Fix automatic promotion of booleans to integers.

10.18. Version 0.18.2

Bug fixes:

  • Issue #1073: Fixes missing template file for HTML annotation
  • Issue #1074: Fixes CUDA support on Windows machine due to NVVM API mismatch

10.19. Version 0.18.1

Version 0.18.0 is not officially released.

This version removes the old deprecated and undocumented argtypes and restype arguments to the @jit decorator. Function signatures should always be passed as the first argument to @jit.


  • Issue #960: Add inspect_llvm() and inspect_asm() methods to JIT-compiled functions: they output the LLVM IR and the native assembler source of the compiled function, respectively.
  • Issue #990: Allow passing tuples as arguments to JIT-compiled functions in nopython mode.
  • Issue #774: Support two-argument round() in nopython mode.
  • Issue #987: Support missing functions from the math module in nopython mode: frexp(), ldexp(), gamma(), lgamma(), erf(), erfc().
  • Issue #995: Improve code generation for round() on Python 3.
  • Issue #981: Support functions from the random and numpy.random modules in nopython mode.
  • Issue #979: Add cuda.atomic.max().
  • Issue #1006: Improve exception raising and reporting. It is now allowed to raise an exception with an error message in nopython mode.
  • Issue #821: Allow ctypes- and cffi-defined functions as arguments to nopython functions.
  • Issue #901: Allow multiple explicit signatures with @jit. The signatures must be passed in a list, as with @vectorize.
  • Issue #884: Better error message when a JIT-compiled function is called with the wrong types.
  • Issue #1010: Simpler and faster CUDA argument marshalling thanks to a refactoring of the data model.
  • Issue #1018: Support arrays of scalars inside Numpy structured types.
  • Issue #808: Reduce Numba import time by half.
  • Issue #1021: Support the buffer protocol in nopython mode. Buffer-providing objects, such as bytearray, array.array or memoryview support array-like operations such as indexing and iterating. Furthermore, some standard attributes on the memoryview object are supported.
  • Issue #1030: Support nested arrays in Numpy structured arrays.
  • Issue #1033: Implement the inspect_types(), inspect_llvm() and inspect_asm() methods for CUDA kernels.
  • Issue #1029: Support Numpy structured arrays with CUDA as well.
  • Issue #1034: Support for generators in nopython and object mode.
  • Issue #1044: Support default argument values when calling Numba-compiled functions.
  • Issue #1048: Allow calling Numpy scalar constructors from CUDA functions.
  • Issue #1047: Allow indexing a multi-dimensional array with a single integer, to take a view.
  • Issue #1050: Support len() on tuples.
  • Issue #1011: Revive HTML annotation.


  • Issue #977: Assignment optimization was too aggressive.
  • Issue #561: One-argument round() now returns an int on Python 3.
  • Issue #1001: Fix an unlikely bug where two closures with the same name and id() would compile to the same LLVM function name, despite different closure values.
  • Issue #1006: Fix reference leak when a JIT-compiled function is disposed of.
  • Issue #1017: Update instructions for CUDA in the README.
  • Issue #1008: Generate shorter LLVM type names to avoid segfaults with CUDA.
  • Issue #1005: Properly clean up references when raising an exception from object mode.
  • Issue #1041: Fix incompatibility between Numba and the third-party library “future”.
  • Issue #1053: Fix the size attribute of CUDA shared arrays.

10.20. Version 0.17.0

The major focus in this release has been a rewrite of the documentation. The new documentation is better structured and has more detailed coverage of Numba features and APIs. It can be found online at http://numba.pydata.org/numba-doc/dev/index.html


  • Issue #895: LLVM can now inline nested function calls in nopython mode.
  • Issue #863: CUDA kernels can now infer the types of their arguments (“autojit”-like).
  • Issue #833: Support numpy.{min,max,argmin,argmax,sum,mean,var,std} in nopython mode.
  • Issue #905: Add a nogil argument to the @jit decorator, to release the GIL in nopython mode.
  • Issue #829: Add a identity argument to @vectorize and @guvectorize, to set the identity value of the ufunc.
  • Issue #843: Allow indexing 0-d arrays with the empty tuple.
  • Issue #933: Allow named arguments, not only positional arguments, when calling a Numba-compiled function.
  • Issue #902: Support numpy.ndenumerate() in nopython mode.
  • Issue #950: AVX is now enabled by default except on Sandy Bridge and Ivy Bridge CPUs, where it can produce slower code than SSE.
  • Issue #956: Support constant arrays of structured type.
  • Issue #959: Indexing arrays with floating-point numbers isn’t allowed anymore.
  • Issue #955: Add support for 3D CUDA grids and thread blocks.
  • Issue #902: Support numpy.ndindex() in nopython mode.
  • Issue #951: Numpy number types (numpy.int8, etc.) can be used as constructors for type conversion in nopython mode.


  • Issue #889: Fix NUMBA_DUMP_ASSEMBLY for the CUDA backend.
  • Issue #903: Fix calling of stdcall functions with ctypes under Windows.
  • Issue #908: Allow lazy-compiling from several threads at once.
  • Issue #868: Wrong error message when multiplying a scalar by a non-scalar.
  • Issue #917: Allow vectorizing with datetime64 and timedelta64 in the signature (only with unit-less values, though, because of a Numpy limitation).
  • Issue #431: Allow overloading of cuda device function.
  • Issue #917: Print out errors occurred in object mode ufuncs.
  • Issue #923: Numba-compiled ufuncs now inherit the name and doc of the original Python function.
  • Issue #928: Fix boolean return value in nested calls.
  • Issue #915: @jit called with an explicit signature with a mismatching type of arguments now raises an error.
  • Issue #784: Fix the truth value of NaNs.
  • Issue #953: Fix using shared memory in more than one function (kernel or device).
  • Issue #970: Fix an uncommon double to uint64 conversion bug on CentOS5 32-bit (C compiler issue).

10.21. Version 0.16.0

This release contains a major refactor to switch from llvmpy to llvmlite as our code generation backend. The switch is necessary to reconcile different compiler requirements for LLVM 3.5 (needs C++11) and Python extensions (need specific compiler versions on Windows). As a bonus, we have found the use of llvmlite speeds up compilation by a factor of 2!

Other Major Changes:

  • Faster dispatch for numpy structured arrays
  • Optimized array.flat()
  • Improved CPU feature selection
  • Fix constant tuple regression in macro expansion code

Known Issues:

  • AVX code generation is still disabled by default due to performance regressions when operating on misaligned NumPy arrays. We hope to have a workaround in the future.
  • In extremely rare circumstances, a known issue with LLVM 3.5 code generation can cause an ELF relocation error on 64-bit Linux systems.

10.22. Version 0.15.1

(This was a bug-fix release that superceded version 0.15 before it was announced.)


  • Workaround for missing __ftol2 on Windows XP.
  • Do not lift loops for compilation that contain break statements.
  • Fix a bug in loop-lifting when multiple values need to be returned to the enclosing scope.
  • Handle the loop-lifting case where an accumulator needs to be updated when the loop count is zero.

10.23. Version 0.15


  • Support for the Python cmath module. (NumPy complex functions were already supported.)
  • Support for .real, .imag, and .conjugate()` on non-complex numbers.
  • Add support for math.isfinite() and math.copysign().
  • Compatibility mode: If enabled (off by default), a failure to compile in object mode will fall back to using the pure Python implementation of the function.
  • Experimental support for serializing JIT functions with cloudpickle.
  • Loop-jitting in object mode now works with loops that modify scalars that are accessed after the loop, such as accumulators.
  • @vectorize functions can be compiled in object mode.
  • Numba can now be built using the Visual C++ Compiler for Python 2.7 on Windows platforms.
  • CUDA JIT functions can be returned by factory functions with variables in the closure frozen as constants.
  • Support for “optional” types in nopython mode, which allow None to be a valid value.


  • If nopython mode compilation fails for any reason, automatically fall back to object mode (unless nopython=True is passed to @jit) rather than raise an exeception.
  • Allow function objects to be returned from a function compiled in object mode.
  • Fix a linking problem that caused slower platform math functions (such as exp()) to be used on Windows, leading to performance regressions against NumPy.
  • min() and max() no longer accept scalars arguments in nopython mode.
  • Fix handling of ambigous type promotion among several compiled versions of a JIT function. The dispatcher will now compile a new version to resolve the problem. (issue #776)
  • Fix float32 to uint64 casting bug on 32-bit Linux.
  • Fix type inference to allow forced casting of return types.
  • Allow the shape of a 1D cuda.shared.array and cuda.local.array to be a one-element tuple.
  • More correct handling of signed zeros.
  • Add custom implementation of atan2() on Windows to handle special cases properly.
  • Eliminated race condition in the handling of the pagelocked staging area used when transferring CUDA arrays.
  • Fix non-deterministic type unification leading to varying performance. (issue #797)

10.24. Version 0.14


  • Support for nearly all the Numpy math functions (including comparison, logical, bitwise and some previously missing float functions) in nopython mode.
  • The Numpy datetime64 and timedelta64 dtypes are supported in nopython mode with Numpy 1.7 and later.
  • Support for Numpy math functions on complex numbers in nopython mode.
  • ndarray.sum() is supported in nopython mode.
  • Better error messages when unsupported types are used in Numpy math functions.
  • Set NUMBA_WARNINGS=1 in the environment to see which functions are compiled in object mode vs. nopython mode.
  • Add support for the two-argument pow() builtin function in nopython mode.
  • New developer documentation describing how Numba works, and how to add new types.
  • Support for Numpy record arrays on the GPU. (Note: Improper alignment of dtype fields will cause an exception to be raised.)
  • Slices on GPU device arrays.
  • GPU objects can be used as Python context managers to select the active device in a block.
  • GPU device arrays can be bound to a CUDA stream. All subsequent operations (such as memory copies) will be queued on that stream instead of the default. This can prevent unnecessary synchronization with other streams.


  • Generation of AVX instructions has been disabled to avoid performance bugs when calling external math functions that may use SSE instructions, especially on OS X.
  • JIT functions can be removed by the garbage collector when they are no longer accessible.
  • Various other reference counting fixes to prevent memory leaks.
  • Fixed handling of exception when input argument is out of range.
  • Prevent autojit functions from making unsafe numeric conversions when called with different numeric types.
  • Fix a compilation error when an unhashable global value is accessed.
  • Gracefully handle failure to enable faulthandler in the IPython Notebook.
  • Fix a bug that caused loop lifting to fail if the loop was inside an else block.
  • Fixed a problem with selecting CUDA devices in multithreaded programs on Linux.
  • The pow() function (and ** operation) applied to two integers now returns an integer rather than a float.
  • Numpy arrays using the object dtype no longer cause an exception in the autojit.
  • Attempts to write to a global array will cause compilation to fall back to object mode, rather than attempt and fail at nopython mode.
  • range() works with all negative arguments (ex: range(-10, -12, -1))

10.25. Version 0.13.4


  • Setting and deleting attributes in object mode
  • Added documentation of supported and currently unsupported numpy ufuncs
  • Assignment to 1-D numpy array slices
  • Closure variables and functions can be used in object mode
  • All numeric global values in modules can be used as constants in JIT compiled code
  • Support for the start argument in enumerate()
  • Inplace arithmetic operations (+=, -=, etc.)
  • Direct iteration over a 1D numpy array (e.g. “for x in array: ...”) in nopython mode


  • Support for NVIDIA compute capability 5.0 devices (such as the GTX 750)
  • Vectorize no longer crashes/gives an error when bool_ is used as return type
  • Return the correct dictionary when globals() is used in JIT functions
  • Fix crash bug when creating dictionary literals in object
  • Report more informative error message on import if llvmpy is too old
  • Temporarily disable pycc –header, which generates incorrect function signatures.

10.26. Version 0.13.3


  • Support for enumerate() and zip() in nopython mode
  • Increased LLVM optimization of JIT functions to -O1, enabling automatic vectorization of compiled code in some cases
  • Iteration over tuples and unpacking of tuples in nopython mode
  • Support for dict and set (Python >= 2.7) literals in object mode


  • JIT functions have the same __name__ and __doc__ as the original function.
  • Numerous improvements to better match the data types and behavior of Python math functions in JIT compiled code on different platforms.
  • Importing Numba will no longer throw an exception if the CUDA driver is present, but cannot be initialized.
  • guvectorize now properly supports functions with scalar arguments.
  • CUDA driver is lazily initialized

10.27. Version 0.13.2


  • @vectorize ufunc now can generate SIMD fast path for unit strided array
  • Added cuda.gridsize
  • Added preliminary exception handling (raise exception class)


  • Handling of closures and dynamically generated functions
  • Global None value

10.28. Version 0.13.1


  • Initial support for CUDA array slicing


  • Indirectly fixes numbapro when the system has a incompatible CUDA driver
  • Fix numba.cuda.detect
  • Export numba.intp and numba.intc

10.29. Version 0.13


  • Opensourcing NumbaPro CUDA python support in numba.cuda
  • Add support for ufunc array broadcasting
  • Add support for mixed input types for ufuncs
  • Add support for returning tuple from jitted function


  • Fix store slice bytecode handling for Python2
  • Fix inplace subtract
  • Fix pycc so that correct header is emitted
  • Allow vectorize to work on functions with jit decorator

10.30. Version 0.12.2


  • Improved NumPy ufunc support in nopython mode
  • Misc bug fixes

10.31. Version 0.12.1

This version fixed many regressions reported by user for the 0.12 release. This release contains a new loop-lifting mechanism that specializes certains loop patterns for nopython mode compilation. This avoid direct support for heap-allocating and other very dynamic operations.


  • Add loop-lifting–jit-ing loops in nopython for object mode code. This allows functions to allocate NumPy arrays and use Python objects, while the tight loops in the function can still be compiled in nopython mode. Any arrays that the tight loop uses should be created before the loop is entered.


  • Add support for majority of “math” module functions
  • Fix for...else handling
  • Add support for builtin round()
  • Fix tenary if...else support
  • Revive “numba” script
  • Fix problems with some boolean expressions
  • Add support for more NumPy ufuncs

10.32. Version 0.12

Version 0.12 contains a big refactor of the compiler. The main objective for this refactor was to simplify the code base to create a better foundation for further work. A secondary objective was to improve the worst case performance to ensure that compiled functions in object mode never run slower than pure Python code (this was a problem in several cases with the old code base). This refactor is still a work in progress and further testing is needed.

Main improvements:

  • Major refactor of compiler for performance and maintenance reasons
  • Better fallback to object mode when native mode fails
  • Improved worst case performance in object mode

The public interface of numba has been slightly changed. The idea is to make it cleaner and more rational:

  • jit decorator has been modified, so that it can be called without a signature. When called without a signature, it behaves as the old autojit. Autojit has been deprecated in favour of this approach.
  • Jitted functions can now be overloaded.
  • Added a “njit” decorator that behaves like “jit” decorator with nopython=True.
  • The numba.vectorize namespace is gone. The vectorize decorator will be in the main numba namespace.
  • Added a guvectorize decorator in the main numba namespace. It is similiar to numba.vectorize, but takes a dimension signature. It generates gufuncs. This is a replacement for the GUVectorize gufunc factory which has been deprecated.

Main regressions (will be fixed in a future release):

  • Creating new NumPy arrays is not supported in nopython mode
  • Returning NumPy arrays is not supported in nopython mode
  • NumPy array slicing is not supported in nopython mode
  • lists and tuples are not supported in nopython mode
  • string, datetime, cdecimal, and struct types are not implemented yet
  • Extension types (classes) are not supported in nopython mode
  • Closures are not supported
  • Raise keyword is not supported
  • Recursion is not support in nopython mode

10.33. Version 0.11

  • Experimental support for NumPy datetime type

10.34. Version 0.10

  • Annotation tool (./bin/numba –annotate –fancy) (thanks to Jay Bourque)
  • Open sourced prange
  • Support for raise statement
  • Pluggable array representation
  • Support for enumerate and zip (thanks to Eugene Toder)
  • Better string formatting support (thanks to Eugene Toder)
  • Builtins min(), max() and bool() (thanks to Eugene Toder)
  • Fix some code reloading issues (thanks to Björn Linse)
  • Recognize NumPy scalar objects (thanks to Björn Linse)

10.35. Version 0.9

  • Improved math support
  • Open sourced generalized ufuncs
  • Improved array expressions

10.36. Version 0.8

  • Support for autojit classes
    • Inheritance not yet supported
  • Python 3 support for pycc

  • Allow retrieval of ctypes function wrapper
    • And hence support retrieval of a pointer to the function
  • Fixed a memory leak of array slicing views

10.37. Version 0.7.2

10.38. Version 0.7.1

  • Various bug fixes

10.39. Version 0.7

  • Open sourced single-threaded ufunc vectorizer

  • Open sourced NumPy array expression compilation

  • Open sourced fast NumPy array slicing

  • Experimental Python 3 support

  • Support for typed containers
    • typed lists and tuples
  • Support for iteration over objects

  • Support object comparisons

  • Preliminary CFFI support
    • Jit calls to CFFI functions (passed into autojit functions)
    • TODO: Recognize ffi_lib.my_func attributes
  • Improved support for ctypes

  • Allow declaring extension attribute types as through class attributes

  • Support for type casting in Python
    • Get the same semantics with or without numba compilation
  • Support for recursion
    • For jit methods and extension classes
  • Allow jit functions as C callbacks

  • Friendlier error reporting

  • Internal improvements

  • A variety of bug fixes

10.40. Version 0.6.1

  • Support for bitwise operations

10.41. Version 0.6

  • Python 2.6 support

  • Programmable typing
    • Allow users to add type inference for external code
  • Better NumPy type inference
    • outer, inner, dot, vdot, tensordot, nonzero, where, binary ufuncs + methods (reduce, accumulate, reduceat, outer)
  • Type based alias analysis
    • Support for strict aliasing
  • Much faster autojit dispatch when calling from Python

  • Faster numerical loops through data and stride pre-loading

  • Integral overflow and underflow checking for conversions from objects

  • Make Meta dependency optional

10.42. Version 0.5

  • SSA-based type inference
    • Allows variable reuse
    • Allow referring to variables before lexical definition
  • Support multiple comparisons

  • Support for template types

  • List comprehensions

  • Support for pointers

  • Many bug fixes

  • Added user documentation

10.43. Version 0.4

10.44. Version 0.3.2

  • Add support for object arithmetic (issue 56).
  • Bug fixes (issue 55).

10.45. Version 0.3

  • Changed default compilation approach to ast
  • Added support for cross-module linking
  • Added support for closures (can jit inner functions and return them) (see examples/closure.py)
  • Added support for dtype structures (can access elements of structure with attribute access) (see examples/structures.py)
  • Added support for extension types (numba classes) (see examples/numbaclasses.py)
  • Added support for general Python code (use nopython to raise an error if Python C-API is used to avoid unexpected slowness because of lack of implementation defaulting to generic Python)
  • Fixed many bugs
  • Added support to detect math operations.
  • Added with python and with nopython contexts
  • Added more examples

Many features need to be documented still. Look at examples and tests for more information.

10.46. Version 0.2

  • Added an ast approach to compilation
  • Removed d, f, i, b from numba namespace (use f8, f4, i4, b1)
  • Changed function to autojit2
  • Added autojit function to decorate calls to the function and use types of the variable to create compiled versions.
  • changed keyword arguments to jit and autojit functions to restype and argtypes to be consistent with ctypes module.
  • Added pycc – a python to shared library compiler